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The word “Bible” is derived from the Latin work biblia which means book. The Bible is a compilation of books, which is considered to be the holy book of Christianity and Judaism. The compilation of books includes 66 books and letters and is written by more than 40 authors.
By the 2nd BCE the Jewish people began to call the Bible as the Scriptures and they referred them The Holy Bible. The Bible was divided into chapters in the 13th century by Stephen Langton and it was divided into verses in the 16th century by French printer Robert Estienne and is now usually cited by book, chapter, and verse.
The Christians have the practice of reading the verses which is consider to be a traditional practice and they do follow it.
Bible Chapters and Verses:
The Bible is not one solid book, it is made up of a number of books that differs in subject and literary form. The books include subjects like history, prophecy or doctrine, and poetry, which are also illustrious with reference to the time and purpose of their creation.
The bible was divided into two main sections:
- The Old Testament
- The New Testament
The Old Testament
The Hebrew Bible (In Christian tradition is it known as the Old Testament and in Jewish tradition it is known as the Tanakh) contains collection of Jewish holy books that are written before the period of Jesus Christ. The Old Testament has a collection of 39 books.
As per Jewish tradition The Old Testament is classified into three parts:
- Torah (The Law or The Pentateuch)
- Nevi’im (Prophets)
- Ketuvim (Writings)
The term Pentateuch (Torah) means five vessels or five volume of book. contain five books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Number and Deuteronomy.
Both the Jewish and Christian tradition credit Moses with the primary authorship of the this. These five books are considered to the theological foundation of the Bible.
Prophets have been there throughout every era. To be clearer the God’s relationship with mankind.
These attributed authors of a series of books which foretell the future of the Israelite and Judahite nations. These books were writer form the days of Elijah until the time of Malachi. It was further divided into Major and Minor Prophets.
These books found in writings section of the Hebrew Bible are not part of either the Torah or the Prophesies.
The Ketuvim are the most diverse group of writings in the Tanakh, which includes books on subjects like, Judges and Kings, Wisdom and aphorism Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, poetic writings such as songs of Solomon and the Psalms or apocalyptic literature.
The New Testament
The corpus (In Christian tradition it is known as the New Testament) begins with the four Canons. These gospels tell us about the story of Jesus, his time on our world, his crucifixion and return to life again, wonders and miracles he performed, and his thoughts and teachings.
Then it contains Epistles – the letters written by Saul of Tarsus. Finally, it ends up with the book of Revelation.
Classification of New Testament:
- The Acts of Apostles
- The Epistles
- Revelation to John
The story of Jesus Christ is recounted by the four Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Each book has a unique perspective of his life.
They were created in the year between 55-65 A.D., but the John’s Gospel ware created around 85-95 A.D. John’s gospel was little more problematic, as it presents more spiritual view of Jesus as well as the hostile attitude towards the Jews. His gospel portrays Jesus as God, while the other gospels are nor as blatant their divine view of Jesus.
The Acts of Apostles
The Book of Acts by Luke provides a detailed and eyewitness account of the birth and growth of church and spread of gospel after the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
It is considered to be the History book of New Testament. The book provides information about the bridge the connect the life and ministry of Jesus to the life of the church.
The Epistles are letters that are written to the individual believers in the earliest days of Christianity and the fledgling churches. It was Apostle Paul, who wrote the first 13 letters each describes about a specific situation or problems. Paul’s writing covers one-fourth of the entire New Testament.
Revelation to John
This is the final book of the Bible. Also known as “The Revelation of Jesus Christ” or “The Revelation to John”.
The author of this book is John. This book contains symbolism and imagery, which is quite challenging to imagination and bewilder the understanding. This book is believed to be a culmination of end times prophecies.
Even tough, this book is quite strange and difficult to understand, it is certainly a book that is worth to study. The theme of the book prevails the hope filled message of salvation, the promises and blessings, and his ultimate victory and supremacy power of Jesus.